Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2019
|Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities Disclosure [Abstract]|
|Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities|| Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
Objectives and strategies for using derivative instruments
The Company is exposed to fluctuations in oil and natural gas prices received for its production. Consequently, the Company believes it is prudent to manage the variability in cash flows on a portion of its oil and natural gas production. The Company utilizes a mix of collars, swaps, and put and call options to manage fluctuations in cash flows resulting from changes in commodity prices. The Company does not use these instruments for speculative or trading purposes.
Counterparty risk and offsetting
The use of derivative instruments exposes the Company to the risk that a counterparty will be unable to meet its commitments. While the Company monitors counterparty creditworthiness on an ongoing basis, it cannot predict sudden changes in counterparties’ creditworthiness. In addition, even if such changes are not sudden, the Company may be limited in its ability to mitigate an increase in counterparty credit risk. Should one of these counterparties not perform, the Company may not realize the benefit of some of its derivative instruments under lower commodity prices while continuing to be obligated under higher commodity price contracts subject to any right
of offset under the agreements. Counterparty credit risk is considered when determining the fair value of a derivative instrument. “See Note 9 - Fair Value Measurements” for further discussion.
The Company executes commodity derivative contracts under master agreements with netting provisions that provide for offsetting assets against liabilities. In general, if a party to a derivative transaction incurs an event of default, as defined in the applicable agreement, the other party will have the right to demand the posting of collateral, demand a cash payment transfer, or terminate the arrangement.
Financial statement presentation and settlements
Settlements of the Company’s commodity derivative instruments are based on the difference between the contract price or prices specified in the derivative instrument and a benchmark price, such as the NYMEX price. To determine the fair value of the Company’s derivative instruments, the Company utilizes present value methods that include assumptions about commodity prices based on those observed in underlying markets. See “Note 9 - Fair Value Measurements” for additional information regarding fair value.
Contingent consideration arrangements
Ranger Divestiture. The Company’s Ranger Divestiture provides for potential contingent consideration to be received by the Company if commodity prices exceed specified thresholds in each of the next several years. See “Note 4 - Acquisitions and Divestitures” and “Note 9 - Fair Value Measurements” for further discussion. This contingent consideration arrangement is summarized in the table below (in thousands except for per Bbl amounts):
As a result of the Carrizo Acquisition, the Company assumed all contingent consideration arrangements previously entered into by Carrizo. These contingent consideration arrangements are summarized below:
Contingent ExL Consideration
Additionally, as part of the Carrizo Acquisition, the Company acquired contingent consideration arrangements where the Company could receive payments if certain pricing thresholds are met, which range between $53.00 - $60.00 per barrel of oil or $3.18 - $3.30 per MMBtu of natural gas. In January 2020, the Company received $10.0 million as the specified pricing thresholds were met for certain of the contingent consideration arrangements. As such, the aggregate limit of the remaining contingent receipts is $13.0 million and would be settled in January 2021 based on the specified pricing thresholds for 2020.
See “Note 18 - Subsequent Events” for further discussion of the Company’s actual settlements of its contingent consideration arrangements subsequent to December 31, 2019.
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
The Company records its derivative instruments at fair value in the consolidated balance sheets and records changes in fair value as “(Gain) loss on derivative contracts” in the consolidated statements of operations. Settlements are also recorded as a gain or loss on derivative contracts in the consolidated statements of operations.
As previously discussed, the Company’s commodity derivative contracts are subject to master netting arrangements. The Company’s policy is to present the fair value of derivative contracts on a net basis in the consolidated balance sheet. The following presents the impact of this presentation to the Company’s recognized assets and liabilities for the periods indicated:
The components of “(Gain) loss on derivative contracts” are as follows for the respective periods:
Listed in the tables below are the outstanding oil and natural gas derivative contracts as of December 31, 2019:
Premiums from the sale of call options were used to increase the fixed price of certain simultaneously executed price swaps and three-way collars.
The entire disclosure for derivative instruments and hedging activities including, but not limited to, risk management strategies, non-hedging derivative instruments, assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and methodologies and assumptions used in determining the amounts.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef