Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2013
|Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities Disclosure [Abstract]|
|Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities||
Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
Objectives and strategies for using derivative instruments
The Company is exposed to fluctuations in realized crude oil and natural gas prices for its production. Consequently, the Company believes it is prudent to manage the variability in cash flows on a portion of its crude oil and natural gas production. The Company primarily utilizes collars, put and call options and swap derivative financial instruments to manage fluctuations in cash flows resulting from changes in commodity prices. The Company does not use these instruments for speculative purposes.
The use of derivative transactions exposes the Company to the risk that a counterparty will be unable to meet its commitments. To manage this risk, the Company’s established counterparties for commodity derivative instruments include a large, well-known financial institution and a large, well-known oil and gas company. While the Company monitors counterparty creditworthiness on an ongoing basis, it cannot predict sudden changes in counterparties’ creditworthiness. In addition, even if such changes are not sudden, the Company may be limited in its ability to mitigate an increase in counterparty credit risk. Should one of these counterparties not perform, the Company may not realize the benefit of some of its derivative instruments under lower commodity prices. Counterparty credit risk is considered when determining a derivative instruments’ fair value; See Note 6 for additional information.
The Company executes commodity derivative transactions under master agreements that have netting provisions that provide for offsetting payables against receivables. In general, if a party to a derivative transaction incurs an event of default, as defined in the applicable agreement, the other party will have the right to demand the posting of collateral, demand a cash payment transfer or terminate the arrangement.
Financial statement presentation and settlements
In the first quarter of 2013, the Company monetized the remaining portion (covering the period Feb13-Dec13) of its 2013 crude oil collar positions of 40 Bbls per month. The proceeds from this transaction, combined with the proceeds from the sale of the below listed put for 30 Bbls per month, were used to finance the uplift in the crude oil swap for the period Feb13-Dec13.
Listed in the table below are the outstanding crude oil and natural gas derivative contracts as of June 30, 2013:
Settlements of the Company’s derivative instruments are based on the difference between the contract price or prices specified in the derivative instrument and a New York Mercantile Exchange (“NYMEX”) price. The fair value of the Company’s derivative instruments, depending on the type of instruments, was determined by the use of present value methods or standard option valuation models with assumptions about commodity prices based on those observed in underlying markets. See Note 6 for additional information regarding fair value.
The following table reflects the fair values of the Company’s derivative instruments for the periods presented (none of which were designated as hedging instruments under ASC 815):
The Company’s derivative contracts are subject to netting arrangements and, being representative of the way in which the contracts settle, are presented in the balance sheet at their fair values on a net basis based on the underlying commodity being hedged. The following presents the impact of this presentation to the Company’s recognized assets and liabilities at June 30, 2013:
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
As discussed in the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012, the Company elected not to designate as an accounting hedge under FASB ASC 815 any of its derivative contracts executed subsequent to December 31, 2011, nor does it expect to designate future derivative contracts. Any derivative contract not designated as an accounting hedge is carried at its fair value on the balance sheet with both realized and unrealized (mark-to-market) gains or losses on these derivatives recorded on the statement of operations as a component of the Company’s other income and expenses. For the periods indicated, the Company recorded the following related to its derivative instruments that were not designated as accounting hedges:
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments
As previously discussed, the Company elected to discontinue hedge accounting at the start of 2012, though certain of the Company’s crude oil derivative contracts designated as cash flow hedges were executed in prior periods and were in effect during 2012. Consequently, these designated contracts were recorded at fair market value with the effective portion of the changes in fair value recorded net of tax through other comprehensive income (loss) (“OCI”) in stockholders’ equity. The cash settlements on contracts for future production were recorded as an increase or decrease in crude oil revenues. Both changes in fair value and cash settlements of ineffective derivative contracts were recognized as derivative expense (income). All contracts previously designated as hedging instruments expired during 2012.
The tables below present the effect of the Company’s derivative financial instruments on the consolidated statements of operations as an increase (decrease) to crude oil revenues for the effective portion and as an increase (decrease) to other (income) expense for the ineffective portion and amounts excluded from effectiveness testing:
Subsequent Event: Derivative contracts executed subsequent to June 30, 2013 include the following:
The entire disclosure for the entity's entire derivative instruments and hedging activities. Describes an entity's risk management strategies, derivatives in hedging activities and non-hedging derivative instruments, the assets, obligations, liabilities, revenues and expenses arising therefrom, and the amounts of and methodologies and assumptions used in determining the amounts of such items.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef