Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Description of Business and Basis of Presentation

Description of Business and Basis of Presentation
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
Description of Business and Basis of Presentation
Description of Business and Basis of Presentation

Description of business

Callon Petroleum Company is an independent oil and natural gas company established in 1950. The Company was incorporated under the laws of the state of Delaware in 1994 and succeeded to the business of a publicly traded limited partnership, a joint venture with a consortium of European investors and an independent energy company. As used herein, the “Company,” “Callon,” “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to Callon Petroleum Company and its predecessors and subsidiaries unless the context requires otherwise.

Callon is focused on the acquisition and development of unconventional onshore oil and natural gas reserves in the Permian Basin. The Permian Basin is located in West Texas and southeastern New Mexico and is comprised of three primary sub-basins: the Midland Basin, the Delaware Basin, and the Central Basin Platform. Since our entry into the Permian Basin in late 2009, we have been focused on the Midland Basin and entered the Delaware Basin through an acquisition completed in February 2017. The Company further expanded its presence in the Delaware Basin through acquisitions in 2018.

Basis of presentation

Unless otherwise indicated, all dollar amounts included within the Footnotes to the Financial Statements are presented in thousands, except for per share and per unit data.

The interim consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with (1) GAAP, (2) the SEC’s instructions to Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and (3) Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X, and include the accounts of Callon Petroleum Company, and its subsidiary, Callon Petroleum Operating Company (“CPOC”). CPOC also has a subsidiary, namely Mississippi Marketing, Inc. Effective February 28, 2019, Callon Offshore Production, Inc. was merged with and into Callon Petroleum Operating Company.

These interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. The balance sheet at December 31, 2018 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date. Operating results for the periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ended December 31, 2019.

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, including normal recurring adjustments and all intercompany account and transaction eliminations, necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods indicated. Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to current year presentation.

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies


We determine if an arrangement is a lease at inception of the arrangement. To the extent that we determine an arrangement represents a lease, we classify that lease as an operating lease or a finance lease. Based on our evaluation of leases for the three months ended March, 31, 2019, we have no leases that meet the criteria for classification as a finance lease. We capitalize operating leases on our consolidated balance sheets through a right-of-use (“ROU”) asset and a corresponding lease liability. ROU assets represent our right to use an underlying asset for the lease term, and lease liabilities represent our obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease.

Operating leases are included in operating lease ROU assets, current operating lease liabilities, and long-term operating lease liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets. Operating lease ROU assets and liabilities are recognized at the commencement date of an arrangement based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. The operating lease ROU asset also includes any lease payments made to the lessor prior to lease commencement, less any lease incentives, and initial direct costs incurred. Lease expense for operating lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

Nature of Leases

In support of our operations, we lease certain drilling rigs, office space, office equipment, production facilities, compressors, vehicles and other ancillary drilling equipment under cancelable and non-cancelable contracts. A more detailed description of our material lease types is included below.

Drilling Rigs

The Company enters into daywork and long-term contracts for drilling rigs with third party service contractors to support the development of undeveloped reserves. Our daywork drilling rig arrangements are typically structured with a term that is in effect until drilling operations are completed on a contractually specified well or well pad. Upon mutual agreement with the contractor, we typically have the option to extend the contract term for additional wells, well pads or contractually stated extension terms by providing 30 days’ notice prior to the end of the original contract term.

The Company’s long-term drilling contracts are generally structured with an initial non-cancelable term of one to two years. We have concluded that our long-term drilling rig arrangements represent operating leases with a lease term greater than twelve months. Additionally, we have concluded that our daywork drilling rig arrangements represent short-term operating leases with a lease term that equals the period of time required to complete drilling operations on the contractually specified well or well pad (that is, generally one to a few months from commencement of drilling).

We do not include the option to extend the drilling rig contract in the lease term due to the continuously evolving nature of our drilling schedules, which requires significant flexibility in the structure of the term of these arrangements, and the potential volatility in commodity prices in an annual period. We have further elected to apply the practical expedient for short-term leases to our daywork drilling rig leases. Accordingly, we do not apply the lease recognition requirements to our daywork drilling rig contracts, and we recognize lease payments related to these arrangements in profit or loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

Corporate and Field Offices

We enter into long-term contracts to lease corporate and field office space in support of company operations. These contracts are generally structured with an initial non-cancelable term of two to five years. To the extent that our corporate and field office contracts include renewal options, we evaluate whether we are reasonably certain to exercise those options on a contract by contract basis based on expected future office space needs, market rental rates, drilling plans and other factors. We have further determined that our current corporate and field office leases represent operating leases.

Transportation, Gathering and Processing Arrangements

We engage in various types of transactions in which midstream entities transport, gather and/or process our product leveraging integrated systems and facilities wholly-owned and operated by the midstream counterparty. Under most of these arrangements, we do not utilize substantially all of the underlying pipeline, gathering system or processing facilities, and thus, we have concluded that those underlying assets do not meet the definition of an identified asset.

Accounting Standards Updates (“ASUs”)

Recently adopted ASUs - Leases

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842): Amendments to the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASU 2016-02”). In January 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-01, Leases (Topic 842): Land Easement Practical Expedient for Transition to Topic 842 (“ASU 2018-01”). In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-11, Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements (“ASU 2018-11”). Together these related amendments to GAAP represent ASC Topic 842, Leases (“ASC Topic 842”).

ASU 2016-02 requires lessees to recognize lease assets and liabilities (with terms in excess of 12 months) on the balance sheet and disclose key quantitative and qualitative information about leasing arrangements. The Company engaged a third-party consultant to assist with assessing its existing contracts, as well as future potential contracts, and to determine the impact of its application on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures. The contract evaluation process includes review of drilling rig contracts, office facility leases, compressors, field vehicles and equipment, general corporate leased equipment, and other existing arrangements to support its operations that may contain a lease component.

The new standard was effective for us in the first quarter of 2019, and we adopted the new standard using a modified retrospective approach, with the date of initial application on January 1, 2019. Consequently, upon transition, we recognized the cumulative effect of adoption in retained earnings as of January 1, 2019. We further utilized the package of practical expedients at transition to not reassess the following:
Whether any expired or existing contracts were or contained leases;
The lease classification for any expired or existing leases; and
Initial direct costs for any existing leases.

Additionally, we elected the practical expedient under ASU 2018-01, which did not require us to evaluate existing or expired land easements not previously accounted for as leases prior to the effective date. We also chose not to separate lease and non-lease components for the various classes of underlying assets. In addition, for all of our asset classes, we have made an accounting policy election not to apply the lease recognition requirements to our short-term leases. Accordingly, we recognize lease payments related to our short-term leases in profit or loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

Through our implementation process, we evaluated each of our lease arrangements and enhanced our systems to track and calculate additional information required upon adoption of this standard. The standard had an impact on our consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2019, resulting from the recognition of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities for operating leases. We have no leases that meet the criteria for classification as a finance lease. See Note 10 for additional information regarding the impact of adoption of the new leases standard on our current period results.

Adoption of the new leases standard did not impact our consolidated statement of operations or cash provided from or used in operating, investing or financing in our consolidated statement of cash flows.

We note that the standard does not apply to leases to explore for or use minerals, oil or natural gas resources, including the right to explore for those natural resources and rights to use the land in which those natural resources are contained.
Recently adopted ASUs - Other

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting (“ASU 2018-07”). The standard is intended to simplify several aspects of the accounting for nonemployee share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees, including the timing and measurement of nonemployee awards. The Company adopted this update on January 1, 2019 and it did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements upon adoption of this guidance.

Recently issued ASUs

In March 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-01, Leases (Topic 842): Codification Improvements (“ASU 2019-01”). The standard is intended to clarify the requirements related to interim transition disclosures upon adoption of ASC Topic 842. The guidance in ASU 2019-01 is effective for public entities for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods therein. The Company does not expect a material impact on its consolidated financial statements upon adoption of this guidance.